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泰山区初中毕业年级英语复习指导

[日期:2012-03-10] ? 阅读:672次[字体: ]

?? ? 一、试题特点分析
????1. 试题坚持“稳中求新、贴近生活”的原则。
????泰安市2008—2011年中考英语试题,坚持了“稳重求变,变中求新”的原则,其题型、赋分及比重都保持不变,而且题目围绕教学中的重难点知识,不出怪题、偏题、难题,有利于初四毕业班教师搞好中考复习的教学工作。
????现将近四年中考英语试题结构、题目类型、分值及比重见下表:
????第一部分:听力:分值25分,比重20.8%
????第二部分:语言知识运用:单项选择,分值15分比重12.5%,完形填空,分值10分比重8.3%
????第三部分:阅读理解:分值30分比重25%
????第四部分:书面表达:词汇运用,分值15分比重12.5%,任务型阅读,分值10分比重8.3%,写作,分值15分比重12.5%
试题选材丰富,贴近学生生活,多为学生熟悉的内容,学生在理解方面不存在知识与常识性的障碍。学生对自己身边的事物感兴趣,自然也就能够饶有兴致地完成大题。
????2. 试题坚持基础与能力考查并举的原则。
????这四年的泰安市中考英语试题重视基础,突出语篇,强调应用,注重交际。试题通过各种题型,考查了义务教育阶段的重点词汇、句型、语法及口语交际项目。
????3. 试题信息量大,覆盖面广,联系生活、关注社会、时代感强。
????试题内容所呈现的对话和语篇几乎涉及到学生学习生活和日常化生活中的各个方面,诸如购物、邀请、就餐、假期活动、庆祝节日、个人喜好、英语学习等等。写作部分是每年的社会热点话题为依托,结合新课标和初中学生能力水平命制作文试题。
????4. 试题倡导素质教育,关注学生的道德修养的提升与文化素养的培养。
????试卷中的题目引领学生积极进行户外活动与锻炼,积极参与同学聚会,培养学生健全的人格,阳光的心态,关注学生的全面健康发展。学生两个小时的答题过程,实际上也是一个对自己进行思想、习惯的自我教育,是一次个人素质提升的良机。
????二、试题分析
????(一)听力测试
????试题要求学生根据所听材料获取信息和观点的能力,较好地反映了《课程标准》中“五级”对听的要求。为了模拟较为真实的语境,各题均为对话或语篇。听力内容涉及面较广,且多为学生熟悉的话题,话题包括购物、乘车、邀请、就餐、居住地、生日、天气状况、假期活动、庆祝节日(圣诞节)、个人喜好、英语学习、爱心教育、等等。词汇和语法也控制在学生的知识范围内,试题听起来难度应该不太大。
????(二)单项选择
????单项选择题共有15个小题,各小题以对话的形式设置了语言情景,着重考查语言知识的运用,仍然侧重于词法和句法。具体考查知识见下:
????1. 冠词??
????11年26题
????26. —Did you get there by ______ bike?
????????—No, I took ______ taxi.
????A. a; a????B. 不填; a????C. the; the????D. a; the
????2. 名词词义辨析
????11年32题
????32. —Yao Ming is very popular among teenagers.
????????—Yes. Many middle school students are his ______.
????A. heroes????B. stars????C. fans????D. brothers
????3.代词
????1)代词选择?
????11年31题
????31. —I prefer speaking to listening in English learning.
????????—Oh, really! I think you should be good at ______ of them.?
????A. both????B. neither????C. some????D. all
????2)形容词性物主代词和名词性物主代词?
????11年27题
????27. —Excuse me, are these ______ new shoes?
????????—No, they aren’t. ______ are black over there.
????A. your; Mine????B. my; Your????C. her; Her????D. mine; Yours
????4.数词??
????09年36题
????36. It is reported that ______ people in the world are suffering from the H1N1 flu.?
????A. several thousands of????B. ten thousands????C. thousands of????D. thousands
????5. 介词
????1)介词选择?
????11年30题
????30. —Your sweater looks nice, is it made of wool?
????????—Yes, and it’s made ______ Shanghai.?
????A. by????B. in????C. for????D. from
????2)介词词组辨析?
????11年34题out
????34. —Jack, could you help me ______ when the plane will take off on the Internet?
????????—I’m sorry, my computer doesn’t work.??
????A. get out? ??B. look out????C. take out????D. find out
????6. 连词
????11年28题
????28. —Mom, shall we have supper now?
????????—Oh, we won’t have supper ______ your dad comes back.?
????A. until????B. since????C. while????D. after
????7. 形容词比较级最高级
????11年29题
????29. —Which do you like ______, summer or winter?
????????—I prefer summer.
????A. good????B. well????C. better????D. best?
????8. 副词比较等级
????09年30题
????30. —Is your grandpa better now?
????????—Er, in fact, things are ______. Doctors are trying their best.?
????A. going bad????B. getting ill????C. going worst????D. getting worse?
????9. 特殊疑问词
????1)短语 how often / long / far / soon / many / much
????11年37题
????37. — ______ do you read English newspapers?
????—I read China Daily every day.
????A. How long????B. How soon????C. How often????D. How far
????2)特殊疑问词的选择??
????10. 情态动词
????11. 动词及时态
????1)动词短语辨析?
????11年35题
????35. —The little girl ______ her seat to an old man on the bus.
????—What a kind girl!?
????A. brough????tB. offered????C. gave????D. lent
????2)动词搭配?
????10年36题prefer?
????36.—How about going shopping this weekend, Peter?
????—Sorry. I prefer ______ rather than ______.
????A. to stay at home, go out????B. to go out, stay at home
????C. staying at home, go out????D. going out, stay at home
????3)时态?
????09年35题
????35. —Susan stays alone in the classroom and looks sad.
????—_______ to her?
????A. What happens????????B. What has happened
????C. What is happening????D. What was happening
????4)延续性和非延续性动词?
????10年33题
????33. —Lots of trees and flowers_____ on both sides of Huanshan Road last year.
????—Oh, that’s beautiful.
????A. are planted????B. were planting????C. were planted????D. have planted
????13. 非谓语动词
????1)hear doing与hear to do的区别:感官动词后接不定式表示全过程;后接现在分词表示正在发生的动作。
????09年34题
????34. The girl was often heard ______ happily in her room.
????A. sing????B. to sing????C. singing????D. sings
????2)to do不定式
????11年33题
????33. —I feel tired and sleepy.?
????—Why not stop ______ for a while?
????A. rest????B. to rest????C. resting????D. rested
????14. 同义词、近义词辨析
????15. 从句
????1)条件状从if
????11年36题
????36. —Tom wants to know if you will have a picnic tomorrow.
????—Yes. But if it ______, we’ll play chess instead.
????A. will rain ? B. rained? ??C. is raining? ??D. rains
????2)宾从?
????11年39题
????39. —Can you guess ______ the new schoolbag yesterday??
????—Sorry, I’ve no idea.?
????A. how much did he pay for? ??B. how much he spent?
????C. how much he paid for? ??D. how much did he spend?
????3)时间状从?
????10年34题
????34.—Hi, Daming. It’s said the famous singer will come to Tai’an. Do you know _____???????????
????—Next month.
????A. when does he come? ??B. when he comes
????????C. when will he come? ??D. when he will come?
????16. 句子
????????1)感叹句
????2)倒装
????17. 口语交际
????11年40题
????40. —Happy birthday to you, Mary!
????—______.
????A. Thanks a lot? ??B. The same to you ????C. You’re welcome ????D. It’s kind of you
????(三)完形填空
????完形填空共10个小题,计10分,主要考查词汇在语篇中的意义以及通过上下文理解词汇的运用。通过分析,不难发现,实词的考查占到了多数,侧重点非常明显,很好地突出了词汇教学的重点,对平时教学有很好的指导意义。
(2008)描写父爱的动人短文。
????I have only seen my father cry once.
????(2009)描写帮助别人的哲理性短文
????Dear friends, when you plan to help poor people or people in trouble, do not think that 49 will take care of it.
????(2010)描写Stuart and Steve两兄弟的故事。
????Stuart and Steve were twin brothers. Stuart loved to play basketball. But Steve loved to read books.
????(2011)描写英国人Jack去西班牙旅游时遭遇的一件可笑的事情。
????Jack 41 n a small town in England. He always stayed in England.?
????(四)阅读理解
????阅读理解共四个语篇,20个小题,计30分。主要以记叙文、说明文为主,包含有叙事类(如爬山、2010上海世博会、)、人文社会类(如禁止使用塑料袋)、条目图表调查类(如广告、保护动物图表、航班列车时刻表等)、医学类(如何保持健康)、科普文章类(机器人手术、Broken Bones)。
????语篇体裁丰富,内容广泛,文章集思想性和趣味性于一体,注重对学生心灵的塑造和道德爱心的培养,以及培养学生仔细观察生活的良好习惯。
????试题题目设计多数都属于文章细节的考查,能在原文中找到现成的答案。还兼有事实判断类、词义推断类、数据计算类、句意理解类、逻辑分析类和主旨选择类。
????(五)词汇运用
????1. 单词拼写
????共5小题;每小题1分,计5分。要求学生根据句意和首字母或汉语提示,将单词的正确形式写在题中相应的横线上。单词基本没有变化,都为单词原形,有时根据固定搭配稍有变形,总体难度不大。
????(2008)Oceans, slowly, Millions, produce, including
????(2009)fresh, traffic, relaxing, imagine, descibed
????(2010)smoking, spent, sixtieth, potatoes, heavier
????(2011)empty, voice, easily, October, housework?
????2. 综合填空
????共10小题;每小题1分,计10分。要求学生根据短文内容,用方框中所给词语的适当形式填空,使文章通顺、完整。每词限用一次。主要考查固定搭配和上下文理解与猜测。
????(六)任务型阅读
????任务型阅读共5小题;每小题2分,计10分。要求学生阅读短文后,并完成短文后的任务。题目设置以回答问题、翻译划线句子和给文章拟定题目为主,主要考查学生对文章的理解。涉及到的内容主要是:
????(2008)有关学习方法的文章。
????The aim of students who come to school is to study. But to study requires a right way, or you waste either the time or the money. The following are the ways of studying.?
????(2009)对现金资源浪费现象的思考。
????Waste can be seen everywhere in the school. Some students ask for more food than they can eat and others often forget to turn off the lights when they leave the classroom. They say they can afford these things. But I don’t agree with them.?
????(2010)有关迪斯尼和迪斯尼乐园的故事。
????Disneyland is the name of the theme parks around the world. There are Disneyland Park in Anaheim, California, Disney Orlando in Florida, Disneyland Paris in France, Tokyo Disneyland in Japan, and Hong Kong Disneyland in Hong Kong. But do you know its history? OK! Let me tell you.Walt Disney was born in 1901.?
????(2011)长颈鹿的舌头
????Draw a giraffe in your mind. How did you draw your giraffe? Does it have a long neck? Does it have long legs?
????(七)写作
????写作一般为话题作文,全部以每年的社会热点话题为依托,结合新课标和初中学生能力水平命制作文试题。要求学生的作文要覆盖所有内容要点,尽可能地应用较丰富的语法结构和词汇;用词准确、句子通顺、行文连贯、表达清楚,没有或基本没有语言错误;书写工整;字数符合要求。
????结合近四年中考作文现总结如下:
????2008汶川地震抗震救灾,看图作文,记叙文加帮助措施
????2009如何保护眼睛,话题作文,说明文
????2010低碳生活,话题作文,说明文
????2011教师招聘,看图作文、话题作文,说明文
????通过对以上四年的作文分析,我们不难看出话题符合学生的认知水平和表达能力实际,学生有话可说,学生也有一定的创造和发挥的空间。有较高的区分度,能充分体现学生用英语思维的能力、用英语分析问题解决问题的能力、用英语搜集信息处理信息的能力。

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