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今天是 2019年08月26日?星期一?农历己亥年七月廿六
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新目标英语八年级(上)知识点解析

[日期:2016-10-10] ? 阅读:596次[字体: ]

?知?识?点?解?析

Unit?1?How?often?do?you?exercise?知识点

?1.?疑问词?how?的用法
(1)?怎样,用什么手段,方法/交通工具
????How?are?you??/?How?is?she?
????How?did?he?do?it??/?I?don't?know?how?to?swim.
????How?do?you?come?to?school?
(2)?情况如何(指身体健康状况)?How?are?you?
(3)?how?many,how?much?表示"多少"其中how?much?还可以表示钱数。
????how?many?后接可数名词复数,how?much?接不可数名词。
????How?many?times?do?you?go?to?the?park?
????How?many?pens?do?you?want?
????How?much?water?do?we?drink?every?day?
????How?much?are?those?pants?
(4)?how?often?是对动作发生的“次数”提问,询问的是频率“多久一次”
????回答可以是:Every?day.?/?Once?a?week.?/?Three?times?a?week.?/?Often.?/?…
????How?often?do?you?play?tennis?
????How?often?do?you?surf?the?Internet?
(5)?How?old?…??询问年龄??How?old?are?you???I?am?five.
(6)?How?about?…??……如何?……怎么样??How?about?going?to?the?movies?
?2.?time?表示不可数名词,意为“时间”。
????表示可数名词,意为“次数,倍数”
????What?time?is?it?
????I?go?to?the?movies?three?times?a?week.
????注意“次数”的表达方法
????一次?once,两次?twice,三次或三次以上用基数词加上?times:
????three?times,?five?times,?one?hundred?times
????表示“……几次”的表达方法是:
????once?a?day/?a?week/?a?month/?a?year
????twice?a?day/?a?week/?a?month/?a?year
?2.?exercise??v./?n.??shop??v./?n.
????He?often?exercises?on?weekends.
????We?often?do?/?take?exercise?on?weekends.
????We?often?shop?on?weekends.
????There?are?many?shops?in?the?neighborhood.
?4.?as?for?意为“就……而论;至于”
????As?for?fruit,I?eat?it?sometimes.
????As?for?him,I?never?want?to?see?him?here.
????至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。
?5.?My?mother?wants?me?to?drink?it.
????我妈妈想要我喝。
????want?to?do?sth.?想要做某事
????want?sb.?to?do?sth.?想要某人干某事
????Do?you?want?to?go?to?the?movies?with?me?
????你想和我一起去看电影吗?
????I?want?you?to?help?me?with?my?math.
????我想要你帮我学数学。
????有很多动词后面用这种结构做动词的复合宾语:
????ask?sb.?to?do?sth.?叫某人做某事
????tell?sb.?to?do?sth.?告诉某人去做某事
????help?sb.?(to)?do?sth.?帮助某人做某事
?6.?She?says?it's?good?for?my?health.?
????她说它对我的健康有意。
????be?good?for?…?表示“对……有益(有好处)”
????其反义为:be?bad?for?…?对……有害/无益
????It's?good?for?us?to?do?more?reading.
????多读书对我们有好处。
????Drinking?milk?is?good?for?your?health.
????喝牛奶对你的健康有益。
????Reading?English?is?good?for?studying?English.
????对英语对学习英语有益/有帮助。
????Reading?in?bed?is?bad?for?your?eyes.
????在床上读书对你的眼睛有害。
?7.?usually?when?I?come?home?from?school
????通常是在我从学校回家时
????When?+?从句??当……时候
????I?often?stay?at?home?when?it?is?rainy.
?8.?I?try?to?eat?a?lot?of?vegetables.??try?to?do?sth.?尽量/尽力做某事
????I'll?try?to?learn?English?well.?我会尽量尝试学好英语的。
????You?must?try?to?take?more?exercise.\exercise?more?你必须尽量多做运动。
?9.?I?look?after?my?health.?????look?after?照顾
????My?brother?is?ill.?I?have?to?look?after?him?today.
????我的弟弟病了。我今天不得不照顾他。
????All?the?students?must?look?after?the?desks?and?chairs.
????有的学生必须照看好课桌椅。
????He?often?helps?his?mother?look?after?his?little?sister.
????他经常帮助他的妈妈照顾他的小弟弟。
10.?My?healthy?lifestyle?helps?me?get?good?grades.
????我健康的生活方式帮助我取得好的成绩。
????help?sb.(to)?do?sth.?帮助某人做某事
????She?often?helps?me?learn?math.?她经常帮助我学数学。
11.?Good?food?and?exercise?help?me?to?study?better.
????好的食物和运动帮助我学习得更好。
????help?sb.?(to)?do?sth.?帮助某人做某事
12.?Is?her?lifestyle?the?same?as?yours?or?different?
??=?Is?her?lifestyle?the?same?as?your?lifestyle?or?is?her?lifestyle?different?from?your?lifestyle?
????她的生活方式和你的一样或是不同?
????be?the?same?as?…?/?be?different?from?…?与……一样/与……不同
????She?looks?the?same?as?her?sister.?她看起来跟她的妹妹很像。
????This?book?is?different?from?that?one.?这本书跟那本书不一样。
13.?I?think?I'm?kind?of?unhealthy.?我想我有点不健康。
????kind?of?=?a?little??a?kind?of?一种
14.?maybe?(adv.)?=?perhaps?也许,可能??Maybe?he?knows?the?answer.
????Maybe?they'll?go?skateboarding.?He?may?know?the?answer.
15.?although?=?though?虽然??????Although?he's?ill,?he?goes?to?school?on?time.
????虽然他生病了,但他还是准时上学。
????She?eats?a?lot?of?chocolate,?although?she?is?very?fat.
????虽然她很胖,但她却吃许多的巧克力。
16.?A?lot?of?vegetables?help?you?to?keep?in?good?health.
????A?lot?of?=?lots?of?=?many/?much?许多
????keep?in?good?health?=?keep?healthy?=?stay?healthy
????keep?+?形容词??表保持某种状态
????Keep?quiet!?The?baby?is?sleeping.
????那婴儿正在睡觉,保持安静!
????We?must?keep?our?classroom?clean.
????我们必须保持我们的教室干净。
17.?注意?sometimes?与几个形似的词的区别。
(1)?sometime?是副词,意为“在某个时候;某时
????Will?you?come?again?sometime?next?week?
????下周的某个时候你会再来吗?
????She?was?there?sometime?last?year.
????她去年某时去过那。
(2)?some?time?是名词词组,意为“一段时间”,做时间状语用
????I?will?stay?here?for?some?time.
????我将在这呆一段时间。
????He?worked?for?that?company?for?some?time.
????他为那家电脑公司工作了一阵子。
(3)?some?times?是名词词组,意为“几次,几倍
????I?met?him?some?times?in?the?street?last?month.
????上个月我在街上遇到他好几次了。
????The?factory?is?some?times?larger?than?that?one.
????这间工厂比那间大好几倍。
(4)?sometimes?是频度副词,意为“有时
????He?sometimes?goes?skateboarding?on?weekends.
????他有时周末去滑滑板。
18.?That?sounds?interesting.?那听起来有趣。
????look(看起来),sound(听起来),smell(闻起来),taste(尝起来),feel(觉得),seem(好象),grow(变得)?, get(变得)等词在英语中可用作系动词,后跟形容词作表语。
????It?tastes?good.??这味道好。
????The?music?sounds?very?sweet.
????这音乐听起来很入耳。

Unit?2?What's?the?matter?知识点

一.?身体部位的表达
1.?head?头
2.?neck?脖子/颈
3.?shoulder?肩膀
4.?arm?胳膊
5.?hand?手
6.?finger?手指
7.?stomach?
8.?back?背
9.?leg?腿
10.?knee?膝盖
11.?foot?脚
12.?face?脸
13.?eye?眼睛
14.?ear?耳朵
15.?nose?鼻子
16.?mouth?嘴巴
17.?tooth?牙齿
18.?throat?喉咙

二.?病情的表达
1.?have?a?cold?患感冒
2.?have?a?fever?发烧
3.?have?a?headache?头痛
4.?have?a?stomachache?胃痛
5.?have?a?toothache?牙痛
6.?have?a?sore?throat?喉咙痛
7.?have?a?sore?back?背酸痛
8.?have?a?sore?neck?脖子痛

三.?如何给建议
1.?see?a?doctor?看医生
2.?drink?lots?of?hot?water?多喝热水
3.?drink?hot?tea?with?honey?喝加蜂蜜的热茶
4.?see?a?dentist?看牙医
5.?take?some?medicine?吃药
6.?shouldn't?eat?anything?不该吃任何东西
7.?lie?down?and?(have?a)?rest?躺下休息
8.?go?to?bed?early?早点睡觉
9.?listen?to?music?听音乐
10.?shouldn't?eat?any?more?…?不该再吃……

四.?看病的表达
1.?What's?the?matter?with?you?
?=?What's?wrong?with?you?
?=?What's?the?trouble?with?you
?=?What's?your?trouble?
???matter?前须加定冠词the;wrong前不加任何修饰词;trouble?前可加?the,也可加形容词型物主代词

2.?I'm?not?feeling?well.?I?have?a?….?我感觉身体不适,?我得了……。
3.?When?did?it?start??什么时候开始的?
4.?It?started?…?ago.?……前开始的。
5.?That's?too?bad.?You?should?/?shouldn't?….?那太糟糕了。你应该/不该……。
6.?Yes,?I?think?so.?/?That's?a?good?idea.?是的,?我也这样认为.?/?好主意。
7.?I?hope?you?feel?better?soon.?我希望你早点好起来。

五.?重点短语
1.?lie?down?躺下
2.?hot?tea?with?honey?加蜂蜜的热茶
3.?feel?better?感觉好点
4.?get?tired/?angry/?stressed?out?变得疲惫/生气/紧张,有压力
5.?traditional?Chinese?doctors?传统中医
6.?a?balance?of?…?……的平衡
7.?for?example?例如
8.?too?much?太多
9.?Chinese?medicine?中药
10.?western?countries?西方国家
11.?eat?a?balanced?diet?(吃)一个均衡的饮食
12.?a?few?一些?/?少许
13.?stay?/?keep?healthy?保持健康
14.?need?to?do?sth.?需要做某事
15.?at?the?moment?现在?/?此刻
16.?host?family?寄宿家庭

六.?重点句型
1.?Eating?Dangshen?and?Huangqi?herbs?is?also?good?for?this.
???吃党参和黄芪也对这方面有益。
???V-ing?放句首当主语。
???Eating?too?much?junk?food?is?bad?for?our?health.
???吃太多的垃圾食物对我们的健康有害。
???Watching?TV?for?a?long?time?is?bad?for?our?eyes.
???长时间看电视对我们的眼睛有害。
???Reading?English?newspapers?is?good?for?our?English?studying.
???读英语报纸对我们学习英语有益。
2.?People?(who?are?too?stressed?out?and?angry)?may?have?too?much?yang.
???(压力太大易生气的)人可能是阳气过盛。
???(who?are?too?stressed?out?and?angry)?为?who?引导的定语从句。
???当先行词为人时,定语从句必须用关系词?who?引导。
???Those?(who?study?hard)?can?always?get?good?grades.
???那些(学习刻苦的)人总能取得好成绩。
???The?students?(who?are?playing?basketball)?are?all?my?classmates.
???那些(正在打篮球的)学生是我的同班同学。
3.?It's?easy?to?have?a?healthy?lifestyle.??拥有一个健康的生活方式(很)容易。
4.?It's?important?to?eat?a?balanced?diet.?保持饮食的均衡是重要的。
5.?I?believe?it's?important?to?sleep?eight?hours?a?night.?
???我相信一个晚上睡八个小时(很)重要。
???It's?+?adj.?+?(?for?sb.?)?+?to?do?sth.?做某事对某人来说……。
???It's?easy?for?us?to?find?out?the?answer.?找出答案对我们来说是容易的。
???It's?bad?for?you?to?read?in?the?sun.?在阳光下看书对(眼睛)不好。
6.?I?have?a?toothache.?I?need?to?see?a?dentist.?我牙痛,?我需要去看牙医。
???need?to?do?sth.?需要做某事。
???We?need?to?keep?our?classroom?clean.?我们需要保持教室的干净。
7.?I'm?not?feeling?well?at?the?moment.?我现在感觉身体不适。
???at?the?moment?=?now?现在/?此时,常用现在进行时。
8.?I?sometimes?study?late?until?2?am.?我有时学习到很晚,?直到凌晨两点。
9.?I?don't?think?I'm?improving.??我认为我没有(在)进步。
10.?I'm?sorry?to?hear?that?….?听到……我很抱歉/遗憾/感到难过。
七、语法要点:
1.?start?to?do;?start?doing;?start?with
???start?with?=?begin?with?以……开始?
?We?start?English?with?ABC.?我们从ABC开始学英语。
2.?I?think?so.?我想是这样的。
???so?常常与动词?say,?think,?speak,?tell,?hope,?believe,?do
???It?was?his?duty?to?do?so.?这样做是他的责任。
???I?hope?so.?我希望如此。
3.?tired?的相关词组
?be?tired?from?work?工作累了
?be?tired?of?doing?sth.?厌烦做某事
?be?tired?with/from?…?因为……而疲劳
4.?Drink?some?water.
???这是一个祈使句,表示请求、命令、叮嘱、邀请、劝告,没有主语,谓语用动词原形,否定在动词前加don't。
???Get?up?early,?please.?

???Eat?a?balanced?diet?to?stay?healthy.
???Don't?read?in?bed.
5.?for?example?例如
???Follow?his?example.?以他为榜样。
???Give?a?good?example?to?sb.??给某人作出好榜样。
???Without?example?没有先例
6.?辨析?too?much?与?much?too
???too?much?后接不可数名词,意思是“太多”;much?too?后接形容词或副词,意思是“太……”
???Don't?give?him?too?much?money.?不要给他太多的钱。
???The?book?is?much?too?dear.?这本书太贵。
?too?many?后接可数名词复数
???There?are?too?many?students?in?the?classroom.?教室里有太多的学生。
7.?give?advice?提建议;give?sb.?advice?给某人提建议??take/follow?one's?advice?采纳某人的建议
???advice?是不可数名词,一条建议为?a?piece?of?advice,?是?an?advice
8.?maybe?的位置
???maybe?也许,放在句首。Maybe?you?should?see?a?dentist.???Maybe?you?have?a?toothache.
???may?be?是情态动词?+?be?动词原形?可能是,也许是?Mr.?Wang?may?be?over?forty?years?old.
9.?tooth-teeth?(复数)??foot-feet??mouse?--mice
10.?until????not?…?until?只到……才……瞬间动词、延续性动词
????He?didn't?go?to?bed?until?his?mother?came?back.
????He?slept?until?this?morning.

Unit?3?What?are?you?doing?for?vacation?

一.重点短语归纳
1.?go?camping?去野营
2.?go?shopping?去购物
3.?go?skateboarding?去滑滑板
4.?go?swimming?去游泳
5.?go?boating?去划船
6.?go?skating?去滑冰
7.?go?hiking?(in?the?mountains)?去山上徒步旅行/远足
8.?go?climbing?去登山
9.?go?fishing??去钓鱼
10.?go?bike?riding?/?cycling?骑自行车旅行
11.?go?sightseeing?去观光
12.?visit?my?grandma/?cousins/?my?friends?in?Hong?Kong?拜访我的祖母/堂兄弟/香港的朋友
13.?spend?time?with?friends?和朋友度过
14.?babysit?her?sister?照顾她的妹妹
15.?relax?at?home?在家休息
16.?go?to?sports?camp?去运动野营
17.?go?to?the?beach?去沙滩
18.?for?vacation?度假
19.?go?to?Tibet?for?a?week?去西藏一个星期
20.?go?away?离开
21.?(for)?too?long?太久
22.?how?long?多长(时间)
23.?have?a?good?time/?have?fun?玩得开心
24.?get?back?to?school/?home?回学校/回家
25.?stay?for?three?weeks??呆三个星期
26.?take?walks?/?take?a?walk?散步
27.?rent?videos?租录像带
28.?a?famous?French?singer?一个着名的法籍歌手
29.?take?a?long?vacation??度长假
30.?take?vacations?in?Europe?在欧洲度假
31.?think?about/?of?考虑/思考
32.?something?different/?interesting/?important?一些不同的/?有趣的/?重要的东西
33.?spend?time?in?the?beautiful?countryside?在美丽的乡村度过
34.?forget?all?the?problems?忘记所有的问题
35.?sleep?a?lot?多睡觉
36.?can't?wait?迫不及待
37.?a?good?place?to?go?sightseeing?一个观光的好地方
38.?leave?for?Italy/?Greece/?Spain/?Europe?离开/出发去意大利/希腊/西班牙/欧洲
39.?places?to?visit?in?China?在中国参观的地方
40.?plan?my?vacation?to?Italy?计划去意大利度假
41.?the?first?week?in?June?六月的第一周
42.?leave?for?…?离开/出发去……
43.?rent?videos?to?sb.?租碟片给某人
????rent?videos?from?sb.?从某人那租碟片
二.固定结构
1.?show?sb.?sth.?让某人看某物
?=?show?sth.?to?sb.?把某物给某人看
???He?showed?me?a?postcard?from?Hong?Kong?yesterday.
?=?He?showed?a?postcard?to?me?from?Hong?Kong?yesterday.
2.?send?sb.?sth.?寄给某人某物
?=?send?sth.?to?sb.?寄某物给某人
???My?friends?sent?me?a?letter?just?now.
?=?My?friends?sent?a?letter?to?me?just?now.
3.?think?about/?of?sth./?doing?sth.
???考虑某事/考虑做某事
???He?often?thinks?about?going?to?Europe?for?vacation.
4.?decide?on?sth.?决定某事
???decide?to?do?sth.?决定某事
???They?will?decide?on?the?case(案件)?tomorrow.
???He?decided?to?go?sightseeing?at?last.
5.?plan?to?do?sth.?计划做某事
???She?planned?to?go?to?Greece?for?vacation.
6.?forget?to?do?sth.?忘记去做某事
?=?forget?doing?sth.?忘记做过某事
???Don't?forget?to?close?the?door?when?you?leave?the?classroom.
?=?I?forget?going?to?Spain?before.
7.?remember?to?do?sth.?记得去做某事
?=?remember?doing?sth.?记得做过某事
???Remember?to?bring?your?book?here?tomorrow.
???He?remembered?calling?you?just?now.
8.?finish?sth./?finish?doing?sth.?完成某事/完成做某事
???Do?you?finish?your?homework?
???When?did?you?finish?doing?your?homework?
9.?need?to?do?sth.?需要做某事
???We?need?to?go?home?early.
10.?leave?for?+?地名?离开/出发去…
????leave?A?for?B?离开A地去B地
????My?parents?and?I?are?leaving?(here)?for?Beijing?tomorrow.
????My?uncle?will?leave?Beijing?for?Tokyo?tomorrow.
11.?have?a?good?time/?have?fun?玩得开心
????enjoy?oneself
????We?had?a?good?time/?had?fun?last?night.
??=?We?enjoyed?ourselves?last?night.
????I?hope?you?can?have?a?good?time/?have?fun.
??=?I?hope?you?can?enjoy?yourself/?yourselves.
三.重点句子
1.?What?are?you?doing?for?vacation?
???你假期打算做什么?
???I?am?babysitting?my?sister.
???我打算照顾我的妹妹。
2.?Where?is?he?going??他要去哪?
???He?is?going?to?Italy.?他打算去意大利。
3.?When?is?he?going??他什么时候要去?
???He?is?going?on?the?11th./?in?December.
???他打算11号去/12月去。
4.?Who?is?she?going?with??她打算和谁去?
???She?is?going?with?her?parents.?
???她打算和她的父母亲去。
5.?How?long?are?they?staying?in?Tibet?
???他们准备在西藏呆多久?
???They?are?staying?for?three?weeks.
???他们打算呆三个星期
6.?That?sounds?interesting.?那听起来有趣。
???sound?为感官动词
???感官动词后面加形容词
???感官动词为:look(看起来),?sound(听起来),?feel(感觉起来),?taste(尝起来),?smell(闻起来)…
7.?I?don't?like?going?away?for?too?long.
???我不喜欢离开太久。
???like?to?do?sth./?like?doing?sth.?喜欢做某事
8.?I?know?there?are?many?people?there?(who?speak?French.)我知道那儿有许多说法语的人。
???Who?speak?French?为定语从句,用来修饰先行词?people?的。当先行词为人物时,定语从句必须由关系代词?who?来引导。
???I?know?the?girl(?who?comes?from?Spain?in?his?class.)
???我认识他班里那个来自西班牙的女孩。
???Do?you?know?the?man?(who?is?fishing)?
???你认识那个正在钓鱼的人吗?
9.?He?planned?to?have?a?very?relaxing?vacation.
???他计划度过一个轻松的假期。
???plan?to?do?sth.?计划做某事
10.?I?just?finished?making?my?last?movie.
????我刚制作完了我最后的一部电影。
????finish?doing?sth.?完成做某事
11.?I?hear?that?Thailand?is?a?good?place?to?go?sightseeing.?我听说泰国是个观光的好地方。
????a?good?place?to?go?sightseeing?一个观光的好地方
12.?I?want?to?ask?you?about?places?to?visit?in?China.
????我想问你有关可在中国参观的地方。
????want?to?do?sth.?想做某事
????ask?sb.?about?sth.?问某人有关某事
13.?I?am?planning?my?vacation?to?Italy?this?weekend.
????我打算这个周末去意大利度假。
????plan?my?vacation?to?Italy?计划去意大利度假
??=?plan?to?go?to?Italy?for?vacation
14.?What?should?tourist?take?with?them?
????游客必须带什么(在身上)呢?
????take?sth?with?sb.?带某物在身上/随身带某物
????It's?going?to?rain.?Please?take?an?umbrella?with?you.?就要下雨了。请带上一把雨伞。
????They?take?some?money?with?them.
????他们随身带着些钱。
四.知识结构
????What?are?you?doing?for?vacation?
????你打算/准备/计划假期做些什么?
????I?am?going?sightseeing.
????我打算/准备/计划去观光。
????这里用了“现在进行时?be?doing”的结构来表示在最近计划或安排将要进行的动作,?有“意图”?或“打算”的含义.通常与表未来时间的状语连用。
1.?I?am?visiting?him?tomorrow.
???我明天要去拜访他。
2.?He?is?leaving?for?Italy?in?three?days.
???他三天后要出发去意大利。
3.?Are?they?coming?this?afternoon?
???他们今天下午会来吗?

Unit?4?How?do?you?get?to?school?知识点

一.短语归纳
1.?take?the?subway?=?go?to?…?by?subway?搭地铁
2.?take?the?train?=?go?to?…?by?train?坐火车
3.?take?a?bus?=?go?to?…by?bus
?=?go?to?…?on?a?bus?乘坐公共汽车
4.?take?a?taxi?=?go?to?…?by?taxi?坐的士
5.?ride?a?bike/?bicycle
?=?go?to?…?by?bike/?bicycle?骑自行车
6.?walk?=?go?to?…?on?foot?步行
7.?take?a?car?=?go?to?…?in?a?car
?=?go?to?…?by?car?坐汽车
8.?get?to?school?到达学校
9.?10?kilometers?from?school?离学校10公里(远)
10.?from?his?home?to?school?从他家到学校
11.?how?(用于提问状态和交通工具)?怎样
????how?long?(用于提问时间段)?多长(时间)
????how?often?(用于提问频率)?多常
????how?far?(用于提问距离)?多远
????how?many?(用于提问数量)?多少
????how?much(用于提问数量/价钱)?多少/多少钱
12.?have?a?quick?breakfast?快速地吃早餐
13.?leave?for?school?出发去学校
14.?the?early?bus?早班车
15.?take?sb.?to?school?带某人去学校
16.?bus?ride?搭公车的路程
17.?bus?stop?公车亭
18.?bus?station?公车站
19.?train?station?火车站
20.?subway?station?地铁站
21.?think?of?认为think?about?考虑
22.?around?the?world?=?all?over?the?world?遍及全世界
23.?in?North?America?在北美洲
24.?on?the?school?bus?乘/坐校车
25.?in?other?parts?of?the?world?在世界上的其他地方
26.?the?other?(两者中的)另一个
27.?others?=?other?(students)?其他的(学生)
28.?things?are?different?情况不同
29.?be?different?from?与…不同
????be?the?same?as?与……一样
30.?make?a?difference?产生差异
31.?depend?on?取决于/依赖/依靠
32.?go?to?school?by?boat?=?take?a?boat?to?school?坐船去上学
33.?must?be?肯定/一定是
34.?the?most?popular?ways?最流行的方式
????means?of?transportation?交通方式
35.?a?small?number?of?小部分的(后加可数名词的复数)
36.?a?large/?great?number?of?大多数的(后加可数名词的复数)

????(the?number?of?...的数量)
37.?be?ill?in?the?hospital?生病住院
38.?worry?about?sb./sth.?担心某人/某事

二.?固定结构
1.?It?takes/?took?(sb.)?some?time?to?do?sth.
???做某事花了某人……时间/某人花了……时间做某事
???It?takes?me?20?minutes?to?finish?all?my?homework.
???我花了20分钟的时间完成了所有的作业。
???It?took?him?2?years?to?finish?making?the?movie.
???他花了两年的时间制作了这部电影。
???此句子结构可等同于:
???sb.?spend/?spent?some?time?on?sth.?某人花了……时间在某事上
???sb.?spend/?spent?some?time?(in)?doing?sth.某人花了……做某事
???It?takes?me?20?minutes?to?finish?all?my?homework.
?=?I?spend?20?minutes?on?all?my?homework.
?=?I?spend?20?minutes?(in)?doing?all?my?homework.
???It?took?him?2?years?to?finish?making?the?movie.
?=?I?spent?2?years?on?the?movie.
?=?He?spent?2?years?(in)?making?the?movie.

三.?重点句子
1.?How?do?you?get?to?school?
???I?ride?my?bike?to?school.
2.?How?long?does?it?take?
???It?takes?about?25?minutes?to?walk?and?10?minutes?by?bus.
3.?How?long?does?it?take?you?to?ride?your?bike?to?school?
???It?takes?me?35?minutes?to?ride?my?bike?to?school.
4.?How?far?is?it?(from?his?home?to?school)?
?=?How?far?do?you?live?from?school?
???It?is?three?miles?(from?his?home?to?school).
5.?What?do?think?of?the?transportation?in?your?town?
?=?How?do?you?like?the?transportation?in?your?town?
???What?do?you?think?of?…??你对…的看法怎样?
?=?How?do?you?like?…???你认为…怎样?
6.?That?must?be?a?lot?more?fun?than?taking?a?bus!
???那肯定比坐公车更有趣的多!
7.?A?small?number?of?students?take?a?subway.
8.?Don't?worry.?别担心。

四.句子结构拓展
1.?It?depends?on?where?you?are.?取决于你在哪里。
???这是一个宾语从句。在宾语从句中要用陈述句语序。
???I?know.
???He?comes?from?Spain.?
→?I?know?he?comes?from?Spain.
???I?want?to?know.
???Where?does?he?come?from?
→?I?want?to?know?where?he?comes?from.
2.?In?places?(where?there?are?rivers?and?lakes),?students?usually?go?to?school?by?boat.
???(在有河流和湖泊的)地方,学生通常都坐船去上学。
???这是一个定语从句。where?there?are?rivers?and?lakes?是定语,修饰前面的名词?place.
???The?girl?(who?speaks?French)?is?my?classmate.
???那个(说法语的)女孩是我的同班同学。
???若定语从句修饰的名词(先行词)是人物,则用关系代词who连接.
???He?wants?to?live?in?a?place?(where?there?are?flowers?and?grass).?他想住在有花有草的地方。
???若定语从句修饰的名词(先行词)是地点,则用关系副词?where?连接

Unit?5?Can?you?come?to?my?party??知识点

一.Language?goal:

1.?Say?yes?or?no?to?invitations

2.?Give?reasons

3.?复习情态动词?have?to?的用法,以及“be?+?ving”的结构。也就是用现在进行时表示将来已计划好的事情。


二.Structure

1.?Can?you?come?to?my?party?

2.?情态动词?Model?verb:?“have?to”

3.?I'm?going?to?…


三.Vocabulary

1.I'd?love?to?我很愿意

2.Thanks?for?asking.?谢谢你的邀请。

3.calendar?日历

4.the?day?after?tomorrow?后天

5.the?day?before?yesterday?前天

6.invitation?邀请(n.)?invite?(v.?动词

7.school?team?校队

8.whole?全部的(the?whole?world?全世界

9.come?over?to?从一个地方来到另一个地方;过去

10.discuss?v.?讨论、商讨(n.?discussion)

11.till?到……之时,直至

12.help?帮助

四.Target?Language

1.?Can?you?come?to?my?party??你能来我的聚会吗?

???Sure,?I'd?love?to.?当然,我很愿意。

2.?Can?you?go?to?the?movies???I'm?sorry.

???I?have?to?help?my?mom.

???你能去看电影吗?对不起,我必须帮我妈妈。

3.?Can?she?go?to?the?baseball?game??No,?she?can't.

???She?has?to?study?for?a?test.

???她能去棒球赛吗?不能,她不得不为考试学习。

4.?Can?they?go?to?the?concert??No,?they?can't.

???They're?going?to?a?party.

???他们能去音乐会吗?不能,他们将去(参加)聚会。

**在我们日常生活中经常会邀请同学或朋友一起和我们做什么,应该怎么说呢?

(1)?你周三能来我的生日会吗?

????Can?you?come?to?my?birthday?party?on?Wednesday?

(2)?你能和我一起打网球吗?

????Can?you?play?tennis?with?me?

(3)?你明天晚上能来我的家吗?(come?over?to)

????Can?you?come?over?to?my?house?tomorrow?evening?

(4)?她后天能去听音乐会吗?

????Can?she?go?to?the?concert?the?day?after?tomorrow?

(5)?他们能去看电影吗?

????Can?they?go?to?the?movies?

这些句子中“can”表示“可能性”。

(1)?这些表示邀请的句子,我们都可以用情态动词?can?来表示“可能”“能够”。表示一种可能性。

(2)?在此之前,我们还见过?can?表示“能力”“能、会”。

如:She?can?run?fast,?but?I?can't.

????她能跑得很快,而我不能。

(3)?另外我们还学过?can?表示许可、允许。如:

????We?can?listen?to?music?in?the?music?class.

????我们能在音乐课上听音乐。

????We?can't?run?in?the?hallways.

????我们不能在走廊里跑。

2.?学会了如何邀请他人做某事,我们也应该知道如何对别人的邀请说愿意或表示拒绝,并学会如何讲清原因

如:当同学邀请你去看电影时,你非常愿意。那么你就应该说:

????Sure!?I'd?love?to.

或说:Sure!?I'd?like?to.

注意在这两种中“to”不能省掉,否则意思不完整,不能说:

????I'd?like?或?I'd?love.

????I'd?love?to?比?I'd?like?to?表达程度更深一些。

????'d?=?would

????I'd?love?to?=?I?would?love?to.

如果我们有事不能去,我们可以说:

????非常感谢你的邀请,但很抱歉我不能去。

????Thank?you?very?much?for?your?invitation.

或说:Thanks?for?asking.

????I'm?sorry,?I?can't.

接下来我们应该陈述理由。如:

(1)?我必须帮助我的妈妈。

????I?have?to?help?my?mom.

(2)?我们要踢足球去。

????We?are?playing?soccer.

(3)?他不得不为数学考试学习。

????He?has?to?study?for?the?math?test.

?

重点词组和句型
一.重点词组

1.?come?to?the?party?来(参加)聚会
2.?on?Saturday?afternoon?在星期六下午
3.?How?/?What?about?you??你怎样?

4.?I'd?love?/?like?to.?我(很)乐意/愿意。
5.?study?for?the?chemistry?test?为化学考试而学习
6.?have?a?(piano)?lesson?上钢琴课
7.?visit?/?see?sb.?拜访某人

8.?go?to?the?doctor?去看医生
9.?have?to?do?sth.?不得不做某事

10.?help?my?mom?with?housework?帮妈妈做家务
11.?go?to?the?movies?去看电影

12.?go?to?the?concert?去(看)音乐会
13.?go?to?the?baseball?match?/game?去(看)棒球赛
14.?go?to?the?mall?去商业街
15.?too?much?homework?太多作业
16.?another?time?下次

17.?Thanks?for?asking.?谢谢(你的)邀请。
18.?have?fun?doing/have?a?good?time?玩得开心点
19.?the?day?after?tomorrow?后天

20.?the?day?before?yesterday?前天
21.?have?tennis?training?进行网球训练
22.?call/telephone?sb.?打电话给某人
23.?keep?quiet?保持安静

24.?finish?the?geography?project?完成地理课题/作业
25.?watch?the?football?math?观看足球赛
26.?go?to?the?culture?club?去文化俱乐部
27.?the?whole?day?/?all?day?一整天
????the?whole?week?/?year?一整周/年
28.?come?over?to?my?house?顺道来我家
29.?discuss?the?science?report?谈论科学报告
30.?be?free?=?have?time?空闲的

31.?invite?me?to?his?birthday?party?邀请我去他的生日聚会

二.重点句型
Invitation(邀请):
???Can?you?come?to?my?party?

???Would?you?like?to?come?to?my?party?
Acceptation(接受邀请):
???Sure?/?Certainly?/?Of?course,?I'd?love?/?like?to.
???Yes,?I'd?love?/like?to.
Declination(拒绝邀请):

1.?I'm?sorry,?I?can't.?I?have?to/must?…
???Sorry,?I'd?love?to.?But?I?have?to?…
???But?I?am?V-ing?

2.?What?day?is?it?today?/?tomorrow?/?the?day?after?tomorrow??(询问星期)
???It?is?Wednesday.
???What?is?the?date?today?/?tomorrow?/?the?day?after?tomorrow??(询问日期)
???It?is?Nov.?2nd.

???What's?/?is?today??(询问日期和星期)
???It?is?Wednesday?Nov.?2nd.

???What?day?was?it?yesterday?/?the?day?before?yesterday?
???It?was?Tuesday.
???What?was?the?date?yesterday?/?the?day?before?yesterday?
???It?was?Nov.?1st.

???What?was?yesterday?/?the?day?before?yesterday?
???It?was?Tuesday?Nov.?1st.

3.?That's?too?bad.?Maybe?another?time.
4.?Come?and?have?fun.

5.?Thanks?a?lot?for?asking?/?inviting?me.
?=?Thank?you?very?much?for?your?invitation.
6.?I?have?tennis?training?with?the?school?team.
7.?Please?keep?quiet!?I'm?trying?to?study.
8.?Can?you?come?over?to?my?house?

???Can?you?come?over?to?my?house?on?Wednesday?
???Can?you?come?over?to?my?house?to?discuss?the?science?report?
9.?I?am?free?till?10:00?pm.

Unit?6?I'm?more?outgoing?than?my?sister.知识点

一.形容词比较级的规则变化规律:
1.?一般形容词直接加?-er;如:
???tall-taller,short-shorter?等
2.?以?e?结尾的形容词直接加?-r;?如:
???nice-nicer,late-later?等
3.?单个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节的形容词要双写词尾字母;如:
???fat-fatter,thin-thinner?等
4.?以?y?结尾的形容词要把?y?改为?i,再加?-er;?如:
???heavy-heavier,?funny-funnier?等。
5.多音节词、部分双音节词词前加?more;?如:

?????原级??????比较级
???athletic??more?athletic
???outgoing??more?outgoing
???serious???more?serious
???popular???more?popular

???interesting,?exciting,?expensive,?boring,?delicious,?beautiful,?friendly,?important,?difficult,?unhealthy?…

不规则变化

???原级???????????????比较级?
???good?/?well????????better
???bad?/?badly?/?ill??worse
???many?/?much????????more
???little?????????????less
???far????????????????farther?/?further

规则变化

A:??
???cheap??????????????cheaper
???short??????????????shorter
???quick??????????????quicker
???smart??????????????smarter
???tall???????????????taller
???cool???????????????cooler
???warm???????????????warmer
???quiet??????????????quieter
???wild???????????????wilder
???calm???????????????calmer
B:?????
???heavy??????????????heavier
???easy???????????????easier
???dirty??????????????dirtier
???funny??????????????funnier
???busy???????????????busier
???happy??????????????happier
???healthy????????????healthier
???hungry?????????????hungrier
???early??????????????earlier
C:
???large??????????????larger
???late???????????????later
???nice???????????????nicer
D:????
???big????????????????bigger
???hot????????????????hotter
???red????????????????redder
???wet????????????????wetter?????
???thin???????????????thinner
???fat????????????????fatter
E:
???delicious??????????more?delicious
???athletic???????????more?athletic
???interesting????????more?interesting
???popular????????????more?popular
???beautiful??????????more?beautiful
???outgoing???????????more?outgoing
???friendly???????????more?friendly
???difficult??????????more?difficult
???important??????????more?important
???serious????????????more?serious
?
形容词比较级的构成
???A?+?be?+?比较级?+?than?+?B.
???My?ball?is?bigger?than?your?ball.
???我的球比你的大。
???Lucy's?hair?is?shorter?than?Lily's.
???Lucy?的头发比?Lily?的更短.
???My?hair?is?shorter?than?hers.
???我的头发比她的短.
???The?weather?here?is?hotter?than?that?in?Guangzhou.
???这里的气候比广州的热.
???Taking?a?boat?is?more?interesting?than?taking?a?bus.
???坐船比搭公车更有趣.
???To?go?fishing?is?more?relaxing?than?to?go?hiking.
???钓鱼比去徒步旅行更轻松.
???His?room?is?bigger?than?his?brother's.
???他的房间比他哥哥的大.

???much,?a?lot,?a?little,?a?bit,?even,?far?用于比较级前说明比较级的程度。
???He?is?much?taller?than?me.
???他比我高得多。
???I'm?a?little?fatter?than?him.
???我比他稍胖一点。
???She?is?a?little?more?outgoing?than?her?sister.
???她比她姐姐稍微外向/直爽一点。
???He?is?much?better?at?English?than?I.
???他的英语比我的好得多。

形容词原级
???as?+?(adj.原形)?+?as??与……一样?(adj.)?……
???He?is?as?tall?as?his?twin?brother.

???他和他的孪生哥哥一样高.
???This?book?is?as?interesting?as?that?one.

???这本书和那本书一样有趣.

二.固定搭配
1.?Liu?Ying?is?not?as?good?at?sports?as?her?sister.
???be?good?at?sth.?=?do?well?in?sth.?擅长某事
???be?good?at?doing?sth.?=?do?well?in?doing?sth.?擅长做某事
???He?is?good?at?math.?=?He?does?well?in?math.
???He?is?good?at?swimming.
?=?He?does?well?in?swimming.
???Are?you?good?at?swimming?
?=?Do?you?do?well?in?swimming?
2.?make?sb.?do?sth.??使某人做某事
???He?often?makes?his?son?get?up?early.
???Be?careful.?Don't?make?the?baby?cry.
???Nothing?can?make?him?get?stressed?out.
???The?good?news?made?them?laugh.
3.?It?is?(not)?+?adj.?+?to?do?sth.?做某事……。
???It?is?important?to?learn?English?well.
???学好英语是重要的。
???It's?not?necessary?to?be?the?same.
4.?enjoy?doing?sth.
???She?enjoys?reading?books?on?weekends.

三.重点短语和句子归纳
1.?Thank?you?for?your?last?letter.
2.?Here?are?photos?of?me?and?my?twin?sister?Liu?Ying.
???here?is?/?are?这儿有……
???twin?sister(s)?孪生姐妹
???They?are?twins.?他们是双胞胎。
3.?As?you?can?see,?in?some?ways?we?look?the?same.
???as?you?can?see??正如你所看到的那样
???in?some?ways?在某些方面
???look?the?same??看起来一样
???As?you?can?see,?we?are?both?athletic.
???In?some?ways,?you?are?right.
???The?twins?look?the?same.?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
4.?However,?we?both?enjoy?going?to?parties.
???I?would?like?to?come?to?your?party.??
???However,?I?am?really?busy.
5.?Liu?Li?has?more?than?one?sister.
???I?have?more?books?than?you.
6.?Liu?Li?and?Liu?Ying?have?some?things?in?common.
???have?some?things?in?common
???We?have?some?things?in?common.
7.?Liu?Ying?talks?more?than?Liu?Li.
8.?Both?girls?go?to?lots?of?parties.
9.?opposite?views?and?interests?相反的观点和兴趣
10.?What?is?your?opinion??你的看法怎样?
??=?What?do?you?think?of?it?
11.?We?asked?some?people?what?they?think?and?this?is?what?they?said.
????我们问了一些人们他们所想的,这是他们所说的.
12.?I?like?to?have?friends?who?are?like?me.
????我喜欢和我相似的人做朋友.
13.?I?like?to?have?friends?who?are?different?from?me.
????我喜欢和和我不同的人交朋友.
14.?He?always?beats?me?in?tennis.
????beat???打败beat(过去式)
????They?beat?us?in?the?football?match.
????Our?basketball?beat?them.
15.?Teacher?Wanted!?教师招聘
16.?English?Study?Center?英语学习/辅导中心
17.?be?good?with?children?对小孩子友善
????A?teacher?should?be?good?with?children.
18.?Call?English?Study?Center?at?443-5667?for?more?information.
????打443-5667给英语学习中心(寻求)更多的信息.

Unit?7?How?do?you?make?a?smoothie?知识点

一.重点词组

1.?pour?…?in?/?into???把……倒进……里
2.?cut?up?切碎
3.?turn?on?打开?turn?off?关上
4.?put?…?into?/?on?把……放进……里或放在……上
5.?mix?up??混合
6.?add?…?to?把……加在……里
7.?a?teaspoon?of?一茶匙
???a?cup?of?一杯
???a?piece?of?一张/片/块
???a?glass?of?一玻璃杯
???a?slice?of??一薄片
8.?tomato?sauce?番茄酱
9.?turkey?slices?火鸡肉片
10.?put?another?slice?of?bread?on?the?top.
????把另外一片面包放在上面
11.?here's?a?recipe?for?…
????这就是……的烹调方法/食谱
12.?check?you?have?all?the?ingredients
????检查你是否备好了所有的材料
13.?first,?next,?then,?finally
????first?=?at?the?beginning?of,
????finally?=?at?last

考点:
1.?cut?up?the?bananas
?=?cut?the?bananas?up
?=?cut?them?up

???mix?up?the?yogurt
?=?mix?the?yogurt?up
?=?mix?it?up?

?名词位置可前可后,而代词?them?/?it?只能够放在中间。

2.?I?need?3?apples.
?—How?many?apples?do?you?need?
???I?need?2?cups?of?yogurt.

?—How?much?yogurt?do?you?need?
此题针对不可数名词?yogurt?提问,所以用?how?much
???I?need?2?cups?of?yogurt.

?—How?many?cups?of?yogurt?do?you?need?
???此题针对可数名词?cup?提问,所以用?how?many

???There?is?a?piece?of?bread?on?the?plate.
???How?many?pieces?of?bread?are?there?on?the?plate?

注意区分可数名词和不可数名词。

可数名词:
???blenders,?watermelons,?turkeys?火鸡,?tomatoes,?poppers,?sandwiches,?recipes,?ducks,?pancakes,?onions

不可数名词:
???shake,?milk,?yogurt,?butter,?honey,?salad,?turkey?火鸡肉,popcorn,?sauce,?relish,?lettuce,?bread,?duck?鸭肉??
注意:???a?banana?shake,
???turkey?slices

Unit?8?知识点

一.重要词组
1.?go?to?the?aquariums?去水族馆
2.?take?photos?照相,拍照
3.?hang?out?with?sb.?和某人闲逛
4.?buy?a?souvenir?买一件纪念品
5.?get?his?autograph?得到他的签名
6.?win?a?prize?得奖
7.?win?the?first?prize?获得一等奖
8.?a?famous?actor??一个出名的演员
9.?have?a?great?time?=?have?a?good?time?
?=?have?fun?玩得高兴
10.?on?a?school?trip?在学校郊游
11.?go?to?Blue?Water?Aquarium??去蓝色水族馆
12.?visit?the?Visitors'?Center?参观游客中心
13.?watch?a?dolphin?show?观看海豚表演
14.?after?that?在那之后
15.?go?to?the?Outdoor?Pool?去户外泳池
16.?go?to?the?Gift?Shop?去礼品店?????????
17.?take?the?bus?back?to?school?乘公共汽车回学校
18.?lots?of?=?a?lot?of?许多,大量
19.?at?the?end?of?在……的尽头
20.?the?class?monitor?班长
21.?after?the?trip?郊游结束后
22.?day?off?休假日?
????on?my?last?day?off?在我上一次休假日
????on?my?next?day?off?在我下个休假日
23.?go?for?a?drive?开车兜风
24.?help?sb.?do?sth.?帮助某人做某事
??=?help?sb.?with?sth.
25.?take?a?class?上课
26.?sleep?late?睡过头/懒床
27.?go?camping?in?the?rain?在雨中野营
28.?a?busy?day?off?一个忙碌的休假日
29.?have?fun?(in)?doing?sth.?做某事很开心
30.?rain?all?day?下了一整天的雨
31.?watch?DVDs?观看?DVDs
32.?have?a?yard?sale?进行庭院旧货出售
33.?get?wet?淋湿

34.?thanks?for?doing?sth.?感谢某人做了某事
35.?win?the?first?prize?获得一等奖
36.?in?yesterday's?singing?competition?在昨天的歌唱比赛中
37.?in?the?future?在未来

二.语法知识
一般过去时:表示过去发生的动作或出现的状态,以动词的过去式表达,如:
???I?was?at?the?library?yesterday?afternoon.
???Tom?studied?hard?and?did?well?in?the?final?exam?last?year.

??

动词的过去式分为规则动词和不规则动词两种。
1.?一般情况下在动词原形后直接加-ed
???wanted,played
2.?以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去掉e再加-ed
???hoped,lived
3.?重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母再加?-ed
???stopped
4.?以辅音字母+y结尾的动词变y为i,再加-ed
???studied,?worried
???以元音字母+y结尾的动词,直接加-ed
???sayed,?enjoyed

???规则动词过去式的读音也有规律可循。请记住:清后[t],元浊[d],[t]?[d]之后读[Id]
?清辅音后,ed?要读?[t]
???worked,finished
?元音或浊辅音后,ed?要读?[d]
???lived,called

?[t]?或?[d]?后,ed?读?[Id]
???started,needed

5.?不规则动词有其自己的变化形式,只能分别记忆。
???go?-went?????????take-took
???have-had?????????buy-bought
???eat-ate??????????see-saw
???hang-hung(悬挂)?meet-met????
???win-won(赢得)???sleep-slept????
???put-put??????????come-came????
???wake-woke(醒)???read-read
a.?be?动词过去式的句式。
???否定句是在?was?/?were?后面加?not,was?not?(wasn't)?/?were?not?(weren't)。
???一般疑问句是把?was?/?were?提前并放到句首,要求首字母要大写。
b.?实义动词过去式的句式。
?肯定式:主语?+?动词过去式?+?其它。
如:They?had?a?good?time?yesterday.
?否定式:主语?+?did?not?(didn't)?+?动词原形?+?其它。
如:They?didn't?watch?TV?last?night.
?一般疑问句:Did?+?主语?+?动词原形?+?其它?
肯定回答:Yes,主语?+?did.
否定回答:No,主语?+?didn't.
如:Did?they?have?a?meeting?two?days?ago???
???Yes,they?did.?/?No,they?didn't.
?特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?
如:What?time?did?you?finish?your?homework?
??

**一般过去时的时间状语都是明显表示过去的,可以分为四种情况。

1.yesterday,just?now等具体的表示过去的时间副词。

2.last+时间名词.eg:last?night,?last?week.

3.一段时间+ago.eg:three?months?ago,?three?years?ago.

4.in+过去年份.eg:in?1998

重点句型
1.?How?was?your?school?trip?
???你的学校郊游怎么样?
???how?用于提问情况/状态
2.?Class?9?had?a?great?time?on?the?school?trip.
???九班在学校郊游中玩得很开心。
???have?a?great?time?=?have?a?good?time?=?have?fun
3.?Finally,?tired?but?happy,?they?took?the?bus?back?to?school.
???最后,他们虽然感到疲劳但却也很开心,他们坐公车回学校。
???tired?but?happy?前面省略了主语they
???take?the?bus?back?to?school
?=?go?back?to?school?by?bus
4.?At?the?end?of?the?day,?the?science?teacher?was?very?happy?because?the?class?monitor?cleaned?the?bus?after?the?trip.
???在那天结束时,科学老师很高兴,因为他们的班长在郊游结束后清洁了公车。
???at?the?end?of?在……的结尾
???at?the?end?of?the?street?在街道的末尾
???at?the?end?of?this?year?在今年年尾
???in?the?end?=?at?last?=?finally?最后
???In?the?end,?we?were?very?tired.
5.?Did?you?have?fun?camping?

???你们野营玩得开心吗?
???have?fun?(in)?doing?sth.?做某事很开心
???They?had?fun?singing?and?dancing?in?the?party?last?night.
6.?It?rained?all?day.?下了一整天的雨
???all?day?一整天
???The?workers?worked?all?day?yesterday.
7.?Uncle?Martin?put?some?of?his?old?things?out?in?the?yard?and?had?a?yard?sale.
???Uncle?Martin?把他的一些旧货品拿到庭院中,进行了一场旧货出售。
???put?sth?out?把某物拿出来
???some?of?/?one?of?……的一些/……中的一个
???have?a?yard?sale?进行了一场旧货出售
???Some?of?my?friends?like?singing.

???One?of?my?best?friends?likes?singing.
8.?However,?no?one?came?to?the?sale?because?the?weather?was?so?bad.
???然而,没有人来到他的出售,因为天气很恶劣。
???however?转折连词,通常都是单独一个词,后面加逗号隔开。
???He?wants?to?come.?However,?he?is?ill.
9.?I'm?sorry?you?didn't?have?fun?on?your?day?off.
???我很遗憾你休假日玩过得不开心。

10.?Maria?won?the?first?prize?in?yesterday's?singing?competition.
????Maria?在昨天的歌唱比赛中获得一等奖。
????win?the?first?prize?赢得一等奖
????win?the?second?prize?赢得二等奖
11.?We?saw?a?movie?about?living?in?the?future.
????我们观看了一场有关未来的生活的电影。
????about?是介词。介词后面加动词的?-ing?形式

Unit?9知识点

一.重要词组
1.?international?sports?stars?国际运动明星
2.?a?great?Chinese?ping-pong?player?杰出的中国乒乓球运动员
3.?was(were)?born?出生于

4.?the?world?record?世界记录
5.?start?hiccupping?/?stop?hiccupping?开始打嗝/停止打嗝
???start?doing?(to?do)?sth.?开始做某事
???begin?doing?(to?do)?sth.?开始做某事
???stop?doing?sth.?停止做某事
6.?too?…?to?…?太…….而不……
7.?for?example?例如

8.?play?for?为……效力
9.?national?team?国家队
10.?write?music?谱写曲子
11.?a?movie?star?一个电影明星
12.?perform?Beijing?Opera?表演京剧
13.?the?Chinese?gymnast?一个中国体操运动员
14.?win?a?gold?medal?赢得一块金牌
15.?the?World?Championships?世界锦标赛
16.?learn?to?ride?a?bicycle?学会骑自行车
17.?start?learning?English?开始学英语
18.?begin?playing?sports?开始进行体育运动
19.?a?comedy?called?一部叫……的喜剧
20.?a?loving?grandfather?一个慈爱的祖父
21.?spend?all?one's?free?time?with?sb.?与某人一起度过了所有的业余时间
????spend?time?with?sb.?与某人一起度过时光
22.?a?famous?violinist?一个着名的小提琴手
23.?ice?skating?滑冰
24.?a?kind?and?loving?grandmother?一个和蔼而慈爱的祖母
25.?a?skating?champion?一个滑冰冠军
26.?the?well-known?Chinese?pianist?中国着名的钢琴演奏家
27.?hum?songs?哼歌
28.?pieces?of?music?音乐篇章???????
29.?begin?to?learn?the?accordion?开始学习手风琴
30.?at?the?age?of?…?在……年龄时
31.?start?to?learn?the?piano?开始学习钢琴
32.?take?part?in??参加、加入
33.?win?the?first?prize?赢得一等奖
34.?the?14th?Chopin?International?Piano?Competition?第十四届肖邦国际钢琴比赛
35.?receive?such?an?honor?获得这样的荣誉
35.?because?of?因为、由于
36.?major?in?主修,专修

二.重要句型
1.?When?was?he?born?
???He?was?born?in?1895.
???be?born?出生于(be用过去时态形式?was?或?were,因为人的出生多为发生在过去的事,所以用一般过去时)
???The?great?pianist?was?born?on?October?10th,?1890.
???那位伟大的钢琴家出生在1890年十月十日。
?-Where?were?you?born??你在哪儿出生的?
?-I?was?born?in?Beijing.?我出生在北京。

???be?born?后可接时间也可接地点,但接时间时,要根据具体时间而选定不同的介词。
???I?was?born?in?1991.
???I?was?born?in?March.
???I?was?born?in?March,?1991.
???I?was?born?on?March,?5th.
???I?was?born?on?March.?5th,?1991.
2.?Who's?that???
???That's?Deng?Yaping.?She?is?a?great?Chinese?ping-pong?player.
3.?How?long?did?Charles?Osborne?hiccup?
???He?hiccupped?for?69?years?and?5?months.

???“How?long”是就一段时间进行提问,因此回答时用for后面加一段持续的时间。
?—How?long?did?he?learn?English??他学英语多久了?
?—He?learned?English?for?ten?years.?他学英语十年了。
4.?You?are?never?too?young?to?start?doing?things.
???你永远不会小到不能做事情的地步。

???too?…?to?…??太……而不能
???是英语中常用的一种结构,其句型为“too?+?形容词或副词原级?+?to?do?…”,译为“太……而(以致)不能……”。它在形式上是肯定的,但在意义上是否定的。
???“too?…?to?…”本身已含有否定的意思,因此,不定式前一般不加?not.
???She?is?too?young?not?to?go?to?school.?(×)
???She?is?too?young?to?go?to?school.?(√)
???The?water?is?too?hot?to?drink.水太烫不能喝。
???The?boy?is?too?young?to?look?after?himself.
???这个男孩太小了,还不能自己照顾自己。
???This?house?is?too?big?to?clean?in?one?day.
???这幢房子太大了,一天内打扫不完。
???She?is?too?young?to?go?to?school.?她太小不能去上学。
???The?old?men?started?singing?/?to?sing.?老人们开始唱歌。
???We?started?doing?our?homework?at?7?o'clock?last?night.
???我们昨晚7点开始写作业。

5.?Tiger?Woods?started?golfing?when?he?was?only?ten?months?old.
???泰戈伍德在只有10个月大的时候开始玩高尔夫球。
???When?he?was?a?small?boy,?he?could?hum?songs?and?difficult?pieces?of?music.
???在他还是一个小孩子的时候,他就能哼唱歌曲和难的乐曲。
???when?是从句的引导词,意为“……的时候”。
???Mozart?started?writing?music?when?he?was?four?years?old.
???莫扎特在四岁的时候,开始写音乐。
???It?rained?when?I?got?home.?当我到家的时候,天下雨了。

when?的用法:
(1)作疑问副词,意为“什么时候”
???When?are?you?leaving??你什么时候离开?
???When?did?Tony?go?to?the?library??托尼什么时候去的图书馆。
(2)作从属连词,引导一个时间状语从句,意为“当……的时候”
???When?he?was?a?small?boy,?he?began?to?perform?Beijing?Opera.
???当他是个小男孩时,他就开始表演京剧。
???She?toured?the?U.S.?when?she?was?fourteen.
???她十四岁时就周游了美国。
6.?Arthur?is?a?loving?grandfather.?He?spends?all?his?free?time?with?his?grandchildren.
???阿瑟是一位慈爱的祖父。他与他的孙子、孙女一起度过了他所有的业余时间。
???spend?意为“花费……时间/金钱”
???I'm?planning?to?spend?time?in?the?beautiful?countryside.
???我打算在美丽的乡村度过时光。
???She?spent?$?500?last?year.?她去年花了五百美元。
(A)spend?…?on?sth.?在某物(事)上花费(时间,金钱)
???Maria?spent?five?yuan?on?the?book.
???玛丽亚花了五元钱在这本书上。/?玛丽亚买这本书花了五元。
???I?often?spend?a?lot?of?time?on?my?homework?every?night.
???我经常每天晚上花两个小时做家庭作业。
(B)spend?…(in)doing?sth.?花(时间或金钱)干某事
???I?often?spend?a?lot?of?time?(in)doing?my?homework.
???Maria?spent?five?yuan(in)buying?the?book.
???注意,spend?的主语必须是人,在第四单元中学过“It?takes?sb.?some?time?/?money?to?do?sth.”也可表示“做某事花某人多少时间/金钱”,但?take?的主语应是物,而不能是人。
???It?takes?me?a?lot?of?time?to?do?my?homework.
???It?took?Maria?five?yuan?to?buy?the?book.
???用于描述人物的形容词
???talented(天才的),loving(慈爱的),outstanding(杰出的),
???unusual(罕有的),creative(有创造力的),famous(着名的),
???great(伟大的,很棒的),beautiful(美丽的)
7.?Li?Yundi,?the?well-known?Chinese?pianist,?always?loved?music.
???中国着名钢琴家李云迪总是喜爱音乐。
???划线部分是“Li?Yundi”的同位语,作进一步解释说明。
8.?When?he?was?a?small?boy,?he?could?hum?songs?and?difficult?pieces?of?music.
???当他是个小男孩时,他就能够哼唱歌曲和一些较难的音乐篇章。
9.?He?began?to?learn?the?accordion?at?the?age?of?four.
???他四岁十就开始学习手风琴。
???at?the?age?of?在……岁时
???At?the?age?of?4?Mike?began?to?write?story?books.
???迈克四岁时就开始写故事书。

年龄表达方法
(1)用基数词表达年龄,可以加上“…?years?old”three?years?old.
(2)用?when?引导的从句?when?I?was?three(years?old)
(3)at?the?age?of?+?基数词?at?the?age?of?three
(4)基数词?+?-year-old??例:?three-year-old,注意这种表达常作定语
?如?a?three-year-old?boy.
10.Li?Yundi?took?part?in?the?14th?Chopin?International?Piano?Competition?in?Polan.
????李云迪在波兰参加了第14届肖邦国际钢琴比赛。
????join?和?take?part?in?两者都表示“参加”
????join?指“参加”某种组织

????take?part?in?表示参加某项活动
????He?joined?the?Party?at?the?age?of?40.?他40岁时入了党。
????When?did?your?brother?join?the?Army??你哥哥什么时候参的军?
????Do?you?want?to?take?part?in?the?sports?meeting??你想参加运动会吗?
11.?He?was?also?the?first?Chinese?Pianist?in?the?70-year?history?of?the?Chopin?International?Piano?Competition?to?receive?such?an?honor.
????在肖邦国际钢琴大赛70年的历史中,他也是第一个获得这样荣誉的中国钢琴家。
????the?70-year?history??70年的历史
????其中?70-year?做?history?的定语,所以?year?不能用复数。
如:a?four-year?old?girl??一个四岁女孩。
????the?70-year?history?70年的历史
12.He?stopped?playing?football?because?of?his?sore?back.
????他因为喉咙痛而停止了踢足球。
??=?He?stopped?playing?football?because?he?had?a?sore?back.
????because?of?+?n.
????because?+?句子
????两个都表原因

????He?didn't?go?to?school?yesterday?because?he?was?ill.
??=?He?didn't?go?to?school?yesterday?because?of?his?illness.
????We?didn't?go?out?because?the?weather?was?bad.
??=?We?didn't?go?out?because?of?the?bad?weather.

附:
职业名词
?A.第一方队:a.动词+?er,构成的职业名称最多,意为“……家/人”等。如:
????teach(教)—teacher(老师)
????work(工作)—worker(工人)
????farm(耕种)—farmer(农民)
????clean(打扫)—cleaner(清洁工)
????write(写)—writer(作家)
????sing(唱;唱歌)—singer(歌唱家;歌手)
????drive(开车等)—driver(司机)
????dance(跳舞;舞蹈)—dancer(舞蹈家)
????play(打球等)—player(队员),etc.
?b.名词(多为自然学科)+?ist,可构成“……家”等。如:
????art(艺术;美术)—artist(艺术家;画家)
????chemistry(化学)—chemist(化学家)
????physics(物理)—physicist(物理学家)
????science(科学)—scientist(科学家),etc.
?c.名词?+?ian,构成“……家/员”等。如:
????music(音乐;乐曲)—musician(音乐家)
????library(图书馆)—librarian(图书管理员),etc.
?B.第二方队:名词?+?man?或?woman,构成“……人/员”等。如:
????police(警务)—policeman/policewoman(警察)
????business(生意)—businessman(商人)
????sports(运动)—sportsman(运动员)
????post(邮递;寄送)—postman(邮递员),etc.
?C.第三方队:其它“纯天然”式职业名称。如:
????学生?—student
????售票员;列车员?—conductor
????战士;士兵?—soldier
????护士?—nurse
????医生?—doctor
????厨师?—cook

????售货员、店员?—shop?assistant

Unit?10?知识点

一.?重点词组
1.?grow?up?长大,成长
2.?be?going?to?do?=?want?to?do?打算做某事
3.?computer?programmer?电脑程序设计师
4.?baseball?player?棒球运动员
5.?a?professional?basketball?player?一名职业篮球运动员
6.?computer?science?计算机科学
7.?take?acting?lessons?上表演课
8.?practice?basketball?练习篮球
9.?move?to?搬到,移动到
???move?to?New?York?搬到纽约
10.?my?dream?job?我梦想的工作
11.?what?I?want?to?do?我想做的事情
12.?move?to?somewhere?interesting?搬到某个有趣的地方
13.?sound?like?听起来像……
14.?fashion?shows?时装表演
15.?fashion?magazine?时尚杂志
16.?part-time?兼职的
????full-time?全职的,全日制的
????a?part-time?job?一份兼职的工作
15.?a?reporter?for?fashion?magazine?时装杂志记者
17.?a?year?or?two?=?one?or?two?years?一两年
????an?hour?or?two?=?one?or?two?hours?一两个小时;
????a?day?or?two?=?one?or?two?days?一两天
18.?save?some?money?积蓄一些钱,攒钱
19.?at?the?same?time?与此同时
21.?hold?art?exhibitions?举办美术展览
22.?all?over?the?world?=?around?the?world?全世界,世界各地
23.?somewhere?quiet?and?beautiful?某个安静而美丽的地方
24.?write?articles?写文章
25.?send?sth.?to?sb.?=?send?sb?sth.?将某物发送/寄给某人
????send?them?to?magazines?and?newspapers?把他们寄给杂志社和报社
26.?I'm?not?sure?yet?我还没有定下来
27.?New?Year's?resolutions?新年的决心
????make?one's?resolution?表决心
28.?play?an?instrument?弹一种乐器
29.?get?a?part-time?job?找到一份兼职工作
28.?make?the?soccer?team?组建足球队
30.?get?good?grades?获得好成绩
31.?eat?healthier?food?吃较健康的食物
32.?get?lots?of?exercise?多进行体育锻炼
33.?take?guitar?lessons?=?have?guitar?classes?上吉他课
34.?get?over?1,000?letters?=?get?more?than?1,000?letters?收到超过1000封的来信
35.?work?harder?in?school?在学校里更努力学习
36.?keep?fit?保持身体健康
37.?communicate?with?sb.?与某人交流
38.?a?job?as?a?foreign?language?teacher?一份当外语教师的工作
39.?after?high?school?=?leave?school?中学毕业后
40.?international?magazines?国际杂志社
41.?have?a?welcome?party?召开一个欢迎会

二.?重点句型
1.?What?are?you?going?to?be?when?you?grow?up??你长大后将干什么?
2.?I?am?going?to?be?a?computer?programmer.?我将来成为一名电脑程序设计师。
3.?How?are?you?going?to?do?that??你将怎么做?
4.?I'm?going?to?study?computer?science.?我将要学习计算机科学。
5.?Where?are?you?going?to?work??你将去哪里工作?
6.?When?are?you?going?to?do?that??你将什么时候去做?
7.?When?I?grow?up,?I'm?going?to?do?what?I?want?to?do.
???当我长大的时候,我将做我想做的事。

(1)when?在这里引导一个时间状语从句,“当我长大时”
(2)do?what?I?want?to?do?意为“做我想做的事”
eg:?She?is?going?to?be?an?actress?when?she?grows?up.
8.?somewhere?interesting?意为“某个有趣的地方”
???somewhere?是不定代词,表示“某处”,之后的形容词?interesting,?quiet?and?beautiful?做?somewhere?的定语,但修饰不定代词的定语必须后置。
???nothing?difficult?没什么难事??????nothing?wrong?没什么问题
???something?delicious?好吃的东西????something?different?某些不同的东西

三.重点及新知识点
???一般将来时态?(be?going?to?do)
???用“be?going?to”结构表示将来要发生的事,或打算、计划,决定要做的事情。
1.?常于其搭配的时间状语有:
???tomorrow,?the?day?after?tomorrow,?soon?(不久),?this?afternoon?,?this?evening?,?this?year,?in?the?future?(将来),?in?the?near?future?(在不久的将来),next?week?…
2.?陈述句基本构成:
???主语?+?be?(am,?is,?are)?+?going?to?+?动词原形
如:I?am?going?to?travel?around?the?world.?我将到世界各地旅游。
???They?are?going?to?meet?outside?the?school?gate.?他们将在校门口见面。
???He?is?going?to?play?basketball?tomorrow.?他打算明天打蓝球。
???It?is?going?to?rain.?天将下雨。
3.?否定句:
???主语?+?be?+?not?+?going?to?+?动词原形
如:We?are?not?going?to?have?any?classes?next?week.?下周我们将不上课。
???I?am?not?going?to?be?a?teacher.?我将不成为教师。
4.?疑问句:
???将?am,?is,?are?提前大写即可
???Be?(Am,?Is,?Are?)?+?主语?+?going?to?+?动词原形
如:Are?you?going?to?be?a?doctor?when?you?grow?up??你长大后将做名医生吗?
回答:Yes,?I?am.????No,?I?am?not.
???Is?he?going?to?take?the?piano?lesson?tomorrow??他明天上音乐课吗?
???Yes,?he?is.????No,?he?isn't.
5.?特殊疑问句:
???特殊疑问词?When?(How,?What,?Where?)等?+?be?(am,?is,?are?)?+?主?+?going?to?+?动词原形
???如:What?are?you?going?to?do?next?Sunday??你下星期天将做什么?
???在第三单元中我们还学过用现在进行时态(be?doing)来表示将来计划要做某事。所以,若要表示将来计划要发生的动作,有时现在进行时和一般将来时可通用。
???He?is?going?to?play?basketball?tomorrow.
?=?He?is?playing?basketball?tomorrow.
???We?are?not?going?to?have?any?lessons?next?week.
?=?We?are?not?having?any?lessons?next?week.
???Are?you?going?to?take?the?piano?class?this?weekend?
?=?Are?you?taking?the?piano?class?this?weekend?
???What?are?you?going?to?do?next?Sunday?
?=?What?are?you?doing?next?Sunday?

???同时,be?going?to?do?若表示自己的计划,打算,安排或意愿时,有时也可与?want?to?do?替换使用。
???What?are?you?going?to?be?when?you?grow?up?
?=?What?do?you?want?to?do?when?you?grow?up?
???What?are?you?going?to?do?next?Sunday?
?=?What?do?you?want?to?do?next?Sunday?

Unit?11?知识点

一.重要词组及短语

1.?could?you?please?do?sth.??你能……吗?/?请你干……好吗?
2.?do?the?chores?做杂务
3.?do?the?dishes?洗餐具

4.?sweep?the?floor?清扫地板
5.?take?out?the?trash?倒垃圾
6.?make?one's?bed?铺床
7.?fold?one's?clothes?叠衣服
8.?clean?the?living?room?清扫客厅
9.?stay?out?late?晚归
10.?come?over?过来
11.?have?a?test?考试
12.?get?a?ride?搭车
13.?use?one's?computer?使用某人的电脑
14.?hate?sth.?/?hate?to?do?sth.?/?hate?doing?sth.?讨厌某事/做某事
????like?to?do?(doing)?sth.

15.?do?the?laundry?=?do?some?washing?=?wash?clothes?洗衣服
16.?make?breakfast?/?make?dinner?=?do?some?cooking?做饭
17.?wash?the?car?刷车
18.?work?on?从事,忙于
????work?at?学习、致力于、在……上下工夫
19.?borrow?some?money?借一些钱
????borrow?sth.?from?sb.?向某人借某物(借入)
????lend?sb.?sth.=?lend?sth.?to?sb.?借给某人某物(借出)
????You?can?borrow?some?money?from?your?brother.
????你可以向你哥哥借些钱。
????Can?you?lend?me?your?bike??你能借给我你的自行车吗?
20.?invite?sb.?to?do?sth.?邀请某人做某事
????They?invited?me?to?join?their?club.?他们邀请我参加俱乐部。
????invite?sb?to?a?place?
????invite?you?to?my?party
21.?go?to?the?store?去商店
22.?agree?sb.?to?do?sth.?同意某人做某事
????agree?with?sb.?同意某人的意见
????disagree?sb.?to?do?sth.?不同意某人做某事
????disagree?with?sb.?不同意某人的意见
23.?take?care?of?=?look?after?照顾、照看、照料
????take?good?care?of?=?look?after?…?well?把……照管得好
26.?take?sb.?for?a?walk?带某人去散步
27.?play?with?sb.?和某人玩
28.?forget?to?do?sth.?忘记去做某事(未做)
????forget?doing?sth.?忘记做过某事(做过)

(1)do,?make?短语归类
???do?the?dishes?洗餐具
???do?my?homework?做我的家庭作业
???do?chores?做家务,处理琐事
???do?the?laundry?洗衣
???do?the?shopping?购物
???do?some?reading?读书
???make?your?bed?铺床
???make?breakfast?做早餐
???make?dinner?做晚饭
???make?tea?泡茶,沏茶
???make?a?cup?of?coffee?冲一杯咖啡

(2)关于?to?的短语总结:
???have?to?do?sth.?不得不,必须做某事
???need?to?do?sth.?需要做某事
???hate?to?do?sth.?讨厌做某事
???like?to?do?sth.?喜欢做某事
???want?to?do?sth.?想做某事
???love?to?do?sth.?热爱做某事
???forget?to?do?sth.?忘记做某事
???start?to?do?sth.?开始做某事
???begin?to?do?sth.?开始做某事
???ask?sb?to?do?sth.?请某人做某事

二.重点句型
1.?Could?you?please?clean?your?room?
???Yes,?sure.?/?Sorry,?I?can't.?I?have?to?do?my?homework?first.
2.?Could?I?please?use?the?car?

???Sure.?/?Certainly.?/?Of?course.?/?No,?you?can't.?I?have?to?go?out.
???在表示请求帮助或请求允许的疑问句中,常用?could?代替?can,以表示礼貌,委婉或不确定的语气,而?can?则不具备这些语气。这种情况下不能把?could?看作?can?的过去式。以上两句中用?could?是为了表示礼貌的请求。表示请求帮助或请求允许时,除了?can,?could?之外,还可以用?may,句子的表达方式也各有不同,可以用不同的方式来表示同一个概念。例:

???Could?/?Can?/?May?I?use?your?car?for?a?day?
???作允答可以各种各样:
???如同意可以说?Yes,或?Sure?或?Certainly,还可说?Yes,?(do)?please.?或?Of?course.?(you?may?/?can).?或?That's?OK?/?all?right.
???如果不同意,可以说?I'm?sorry?you?can't.?或?I'm?really?sorry,?but?I?have?to?use?it?today.?要避免说?No,?you?can't.?这样显得很不礼貌。否定回答通常用委婉语气。

???could?在表请求的问句中是为了表示礼貌或委婉语气,用在应答中则成了不确定语气,与情理不符。所以应答中不说?Yes,?you?could.?或?No,?you?couldn't.?而要说?Yes,?you?can.?或?Sorry.?/?No,?you?can't.

Unit?12?知识点

一.重点词组
1.?the?best?radio?station?最好的无线电台
2.?comfortable?seats?舒适的椅子
3.?big?screens?大屏幕
4.?friendly?service?友好的服务
5.?new?movies?新电影
6.?close?to?home?离家近
7.?in?a?fun?part?of?town?在城镇闹区
8.?Town?Cinema?城镇电影院
9.?Screen?City?大屏幕影视城
10.?Movie?Palace?电影艺术宫
11.?Jeans?Corner?牛仔广角
12.?Trendy?Teens?时髦少年服装店
13.?Easy?Listening?轻松听力
14.?have?good?quality?clothes?有质量好的服装
15.?in?town?在城里,in?the?city?在城市里,in?the?country?在乡下
16.?the?best?clothing?store?最好的服装店
17.?do?a?survey?of??对……进行调查
18.?all?the?movie?theaters??所有的电影院
19.?the?most?interesting?music?最有趣的音乐
20.?be?(get,?become,?feel)?interested?in?对……感兴趣
21.?the?most?creative?最有创造力的
22.?the?most?boring?最烦人的
23.?a?great?success?巨大的成功
24.?win?the?prize?for?赢得……的奖项
25.?without?music?没有音乐伴奏下跳舞
26.?the?funniest?actor?最滑稽的演员
27.?the?worst?movie?最差的电影
28.?beautiful?beaches?美丽的海滩

二.重要短语分析
1.?It?is?the?closest?to?home.?那儿离家最近。
???close?vt.?关上,闭上??adj.?靠近的?adv.?靠近
???close?to?离……近,形容词最高级前经常+定冠词“the”
???Close?the?door,?please.?请关门。(close?为?v.)
???He?is?my?close?friend.?(close?为?adj.)
2.?enough?足够地

???adj.?+?enough?足够……
???enough?修饰形容词时,应放在形容词的后面。
???too?…?to,??adj.?+?enough,??so?…?that?(one?can't)?的转换
???He?isn't?old?enough?to?go?to?school.
?=?He?is?too?young?to?go?to?school.
?=?He?is?so?young?that?he?can't?go?to?school.

知识链接
1.?形容词的比较级和最高级
??A.?我们都知道形容词的级有三个级。
(1)为原级:as?…?as?…?像…一样
????Zhang?Hong?is?as?tall?as?Tom.?张红和Tom一样高。
(2)形容词的比较级(用于两者之间的人或事物的比较),
????其构成:形容词比较级?+?than?…
????He?is?taller?than?I.?他比我高。
(3)形容词的最高级(用于三个或三个以上的人或事物的比较),
????其结构为?the?+?形容词的最高级?+?of?/?in?…
????He?is?the?tallest?of?the?three.?他是这三个人中最高的。
????He?is?the?funniest?in?his?class.?他是他们班最有趣的。
?
B.?形容词、副词比较级和最高级有规则变化和不规则变化。
1)规则变化
(1)?一般情况下,单音节或双音节的形容词(或副词)比较级?+?er,最高级?+?est
????clever-cleverer-cleverest??few-fewer-fewest??small-smaller-smallest
(2)?以?e?结尾的词,比较级?+?r,最高级?+?st
????nice-nicer-nicest??cute-cuter-cutest??large-larger-largest
(3)?以辅音字母?+?y?结尾的变?y?为?i?+?er?或?est?

????easy-easier-easiest???happy-happier-happiest
又如:early,?busy,?heavy,?dirty,?lazy?等也是如此。
(4)?双写最后一个辅音字母?+?er?或?est?的词要用心去记。
1.?fat-fatter-fattest????2.?thin-thinner-thinnest
3.?hot-hotter-hottest????4.?red-redder-reddest
5.?wet-wetter-wettest????6.?big-bigger-biggest
(5)?多音节和部分双音节的词需要在形容词原级前?+?more?构成比较级,+?the?most?构成最高级。
????beautiful?-more?beautiful?-?the?most?beautiful
又如:?delicious,?popular,?important,?interesting,?expensive,creative?等也是如此。

???双音节的词如:
???careful-more?careful?-the?most?careful
???useful?-more?useful?-the?most?useful
???少数单音节词也是这样如:

???pleased-more?pleased?-the?most?pleased
???tired-more?tried?-the?most?tired
???boring-more?boring-the?most?boring

2)不规则变化
???good?/?well-better-best???????little-less-least
???bad?/?badly/?ill-worse?worst???many?/?much-more-most
???far-farther-farthest(距离远)???far-further-furthest(程度深)

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