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英语初二上册期中期末复习知识点总结

[日期:2016-10-10] ? 阅读:543次[字体: ]

?Unit?1

词组.

u?how?often?多久一次?

u?surf?the?Internet?上网冲浪

u?high?school?高中

u?be?interested?in?对感兴趣

u?come?home?from?school?放学回家

u?go?skateboarding?滑滑板

u?watch?TV?看电视

u?go?shopping?购物

u?go?to?the?movies?=?go?to?a?movie?看电影

u?once?a?week?\?a?month?一周 \一月一次

u?twice?a?week?\?a?month?一周\一月两次

u?three?times?a?week?\?a?month?一周\一月三次

u?activity?survey?活动调查

u?the?result?of??……的结果

u?as?for?=?about?至于,关于

u?junk?food?垃圾食品

u?healthy?food?健康食品

u?want?sb?to?do?sth?想要某人做某事

u?would?like?to?do?sth?想要做某事

u?be?good?for?对……有好处

u?eating?habit?饮食习惯

u?pretty?good?相当好,十分好

u?try?to?do?sth?尝试做某事,努力做某事

u?of?course?=?sure?当然,没问题

u?look?after?=?babysit?=?take?care?of?照看,照料,照顾

u?healthy?lifestyle?健康的生活方式

u?help?sb?do?sth?\?to?do?sth?帮助某人做某事

u?have?good?grades?成绩好

u?kind?of?=?a?little?(bit)?一点,些许

u?hardly?ever?几乎不

u?most?of?大多数??

句型

u?How?often?do?you?……?

I?……?+?频率副词.

u?How?often?does?he\she?……?

He\She(单三)……?+?频率副词.

u?What?do?you?usually?do?on????weekends?

I?usually?\?often……

u?What?does?he\she?usually?do?on??weekends?

He\She(单三)?usually?\?often……

Unit?2

词组

u?have?a?cold?=?catch?a?cold?患感冒

u?start?with?开始?

u?sore?throat?嗓子疼

u?sore?back?背疼

u?sore?neck?脖子疼

u?lie?down?and?rest?躺下休息

u?drink?some?hot?tea?with?honey?喝一些有蜂蜜的热茶

u?see?a?dentist?看牙医

u?drink?lots?of?water?多喝水

u?go?to?a?doctor?看医生

u?I?think?so?=?I?guess?so?我认为是这样的

u?I?dont?think?so?我认为不是这样的

u?stressed?out?压力大的,疲劳的

u?go?to?bed?睡觉

u?get?up?起床

u?listen?to?music?听音乐

u?healthy?lifestyle?健康的生活方式

u?Chinese?doctor?中医

u?a?balance?of??的平衡

u?be?healthy?=?stay?healthy?=?keep???healthy?保持健康

u?for?example?=?like?比如,例如

u?too?much?+?不可数名词?太多了

u?too?many?+?可数名词?太多了

u?much?too?+?形容词?太……

u?Chinese?medicine?中药

u?be?popular?in?在受欢迎

u?western?country?西方国家

u?balanced?diet?均衡的饮食

u?be?tired?=?get?tired?感觉累的

u?enjoy?sth?喜欢某事或某物

u?enjoy?doing?sth?喜欢做某事

u?at?the?moment?=?now?立刻,现在,眼下

句型

u?Its?(adj)?to?do?sth?

u?Its?(adj)?for?sb?to?do?sth?对某人来说很

u?Im?feeling?well.?我感觉很好.

u?Im?not?feeling?well.?我感觉不好.

u?Whats?the?matter?(with?you)??=????Whats?wrong?(with?you)?

u?I?have?a?+疾病.

He\She?has?a?+疾病.

u?You?should……

You?shouldnt……

Unit?3

词组

u?go?camping?去露营

u?It?takes?sb?some?time?to?do?sth?某人花费时间做某事

u?sports?camp?运动野营

u?go?to?the?beach?去沙滩

u?go?with?sb?和某人一起去

u?go?hiking?徒步旅行

u?go?away?离开,出远门

u?have?a?good?time?=?have?fun?=?enjoy?yourself?玩的开心

u?send?sb?sth?=?send?sth?to?sb?给某人邮寄某物

u?show?sb?sth?=?show?sth?to?sb?给某人看\展示某物

u?get?back?to?回来

u?go?bike?riding?=?ride?a?bike骑自行车

u?go?sightseeing?观光,旅行

u?take?walks?=?take?a?walk?散步

u?go?fishing?钓鱼

u?rent?videos?租录影带

u?the?south?of??的南部

u?take?a?vacation?=?on?vacation去度假

u?think?about?=?think?of?思考,考虑,想,认为

u?decide?on?决定

u?something?different?一些不同的(注意形容词后置)

u?Great?Lakes?五大湖区(注意大写)

u?plan?to?do?sth?计划打算做某事

u?forget?to?do?sth?忘记去做某事?

u?forget?doing?sth?忘记做过某事

u?a?lot?十分,很,非常

u?I?cant?wait?我迫不及待了。

u?finish?doing?sth?完成做某事

u?need?to?do?sth?需要做某事

u?ask?sb?to?do?sth?让某人做某事

u?ask?sb?about?sth?询问某人关于某事

u?leave?for?动身去……

u?a?good?place?to?do?sth?一个做的好地方

句型

u?What?are?you?doing?for?vacation?

Im?doing?sth……

u?What?is?he\she?doing?for?vacation?

He\She?is?doing?sth……

u?When?are?you?going?

u?How?long?are?you?staying?

Im?staying?for?+?具体的几天.

语法点

现在进行时态表将来,也就是将来时态(也可以用情态动词will来表示将来时态,之后用动词原形)。注意其结构be?+?Ving.?注意其动词原形变动词ing时的几条规则(尤其是双写加ing)。注意其标志性词语:tomorrow,?next等。

Unit?4

词组

u?get?to?到达

u?how?far?多远

u?take?the?……(交通工具)?乘坐交通工具(用于句中)

u?by……(交通工具)?乘坐交通工具(用于句末)

u?quick?breakfast?很快的吃早餐

u?bus\train\subway?station?汽车\火车\地铁站

u?bus?stop?公交车站

u?around?the?world?=?all?over?the?world全世界

u?most?students?大多数学生

u?on?the?school?bus?乘坐校车

u?other?parts?of??……的其他地方

u?depend?on?依赖于,决定于

u?must?be?一定的,必须的

u?a?lot?十分,很,非常

u?not?all?并不是所有的

u?be?different?from?不一样

u?means?of?transportation?交通工具

u?a?small?number?of??一小部分

u?a?large?number?of?一大部分

句型

u?How?do?you?get?to?.?

I?take?the?……to…….

I?get?to?by……

u?How?does?he\she?get?to.?

He\She?takes?the?……to……

He\She?gets?to?by……

u?How?long?does?it?take?

It?takes?+具体时间

u?How?far?is?it?fromto?

Its?+具体距离?

Unit?5

词组

u?come?to?the?party?来我的聚会

u?help?my?parents?帮助我的父母

u?study?for?a?test?为了考试而学习

u?go?to?the?doctor?去看医生

u?have?a?piano?lesson?上钢琴课

u?visit?my?aunt?拜访我的姑姑

u?the?day?after?tomorrow?后天

u?the?day?before?yesterday?前天

u?thanks?for?(thank?you?for)?sth?为了某物而感谢

u?thanks?for?(thank?you?for)?doing?sth?为了做某事而感谢

u?be?busy?忙碌的

u?have?to?do?sth?=?must?不得不做某事

u?tennis?training?网球训练

u?the?school?team?校队

u?write?soon?赶快回信

u?be?quiet?=?keep?quiet?保持安静

u?finish?doing?sth?完成某事

u?football?match?足球比赛

u?culture?club?文化俱乐部

u?the?whole?day?=?all?day?一整天

u?come?over?顺便来访

u?be?free?有空的,空闲的

u?next?time?下次

句型

u?Can?you?……?

Sure,?Id?love\like?to.

Sorry,?I?cant.?I?have?to?do?sth.\?Im?going?to?do?sth.

Id?love\like?to.?But?I?have?to?do?sth.\?Im?going?to?do?sth.

u?Whats?today?

Its?+?具体的星期和日期

Its?Monday?the?14th.

语法点

现在进行时态表将来,也就是将来时态(也可以用情态动词will来表示将来时态,之后用动词原形)。注意其结构be?+?Ving.?注意其动词原形变动词ing时的几条规则(尤其是双写加ing)。注意其标志性词语:tomorrow,?next等。

Unit?6

词组

u?more?than?多于,超出

u?as?you?can?see?正如你所看到的那样

u?in?some?ways?在某些方面

u?look?the?same?看起来一样

u?look?different?看起来不同

u?in?common?共同点,共同之处

u?as+形容词原形)as?和一样

u?the?same?as?一样

u?be?popular?in?在很受欢迎,很流行

u?be?good?at?sth?擅长

u?be?good?at?doing?sth?擅长做某事

u?make?sb?laugh?使某人笑

u?laugh?at?sb嘲笑

u?good?listener?很好的倾听者

u?keep?a?secret?保守秘密

u?look?alike?长的像

u?have?friends?=?make?friends?交朋友

u?like(介词,像一样的)?me?像我一样

u?most?of?大多数

u?necessary?to?do?sth?很有必要

u?beat?me?in?在打败我

u?I?dont?care.?我不在意,我不在乎

u?primary?school?小学

u?middle?school?中学

u?high?school?高中

u?have?good?grades?有好成绩

u?be?good?with?

u?who?do?you?think??你认为某人

u?cant?stop?doing?sth?不能停止做某事

u?.ago??以前

u?stop?to?do?sth??停下来去做另外一件事

u?stop?doing?sth?停止做某事

u?twin?sister(s)\brother(s)?双胞胎姐妹\兄弟

u?all?the?time?直,总是

句型

u?Im?……than……

u?What?is?your?opinion?

u?I?dont?think?……

语法点

u?涉及到否定表达时,中文中的否定在前,英文中的否定在后。如:I?dont?think……在中文里翻译为我认为

u?在英语中,注意用以下词或词组来修饰形容词的比较级,表示形容词比较级的程度:a?little?(bit),?a?bit,?much,?a?lot,?far;

u?形容词的比较级用来比较两个事物的不同之处,通常是在形容词原形的基础上,加上er构成比较级。但也要注意其他变化规则:1.?r?;?2.?yier;??3.?之前加more;?4.?双写辅音字母加er;

u?情态动词小聚,到现在学过的情态动词有:can(能够,会),?must(必须,一定),?should(应该),?have?to(不得不,必须);其中,除了have?to以外,其他三个都与人称无关,并且之后都要用动词原形。

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